Professor Emeritus of Geography
Department of Earth Sciences, U.S.A.




My research interests began in the American South studying and photographing folk houses in Alabama. I was also captivated by the Mobile River delta and coastal morphology as well as the cultural resources of particular regions such as the Black Warrior-Tombigbee System Corridor. I enthusiastically participated in the continuing search for Mabila, where the decisive battle between the Spanish army of Hernando de Soto and the force of Indian warriors, led by chieftain Tascalusa, took place. The time between these two research focal points in my career was filled with my passion for the cultural geography of Latin America, which I pursued for 40 years.

In addition to teaching and research, I have been a participant and office holder in several organizations such as the Mobile-Puerto Barrios Partner Cities and the Alabama-Guatemala Partners of the Americas. I have been an active member in the Association of American Geographers at both the national and regional levels. In 1975, I received the Award of Merit from the Alabama Historical Commission for my Guide to Rural Folk Houses in Alabama and Alabama Folk Houses.





Cultural Geography

“Geography” means Earth Writing, which is what geographers do. We study the Earth and the people on it, and we write about our discoveries; how the Earth affects people, and how people affect the Earth.

“Culture” is the collection of behaviors and traditions of a group of people. Consequently, Cultural Geography involves studying how the physical environment interacts with the traditions of people. Studying cultural geography involves fieldwork or spending extended periods of time in specific geographic locations. Our work continues by interviewing the indigenous people and residents of a particular area. We also conduct surveys and create maps and models of the geographic locations we study.